What decides which part of an ip address is the host address and which part is the network address?

The subnet mask signifies which part of the IP address is network and which part is host. The subnet mask is compared to the IP address from left to right, bit for bit. The 1s in the subnet mask represent the network portion; the 0s represent the host portion.

In this regard, what decides which part of an IP address is the host address? An IP address consists of two parts, one identifying the network and one identifying the node, or host. The Class of the address determines which part belongs to the network address and which part belongs to the node address. All nodes on a given network share the same network prefix but must have a unique host number.

Similarly, is used to determine which part of an IP address is the network ID and which part is the host ID? Part of the IP address is used for “network ID, and the rest of the address is used for thehost ID.” The host ID would identify your network connection, for example.

Moreover, how are the two parts of an IP address determined? For this purpose, an IP address is recognized as consisting of two parts: the network prefix in the high-order bits and the remaining bits called the rest field, host identifier, or interface identifier (IPv6), used for host numbering within a network.

Also, which is used to identify the network portion and the host portion of an IP address? The subnet mask used with IPv4 identifies which part of an IP address is the network portion and which part is the host portion. Using a subnet mask, a computer or other device can know if an IP address of another computer is on its network or another network.

  1. If it begins with 0, then it’s a Class A network.
  2. If it begins with 10, then it’s a Class B network.
  3. If it begins with 110, then it’s a Class C network.
  4. If it begins with 1110, then it’s a Class D network.
  5. If it begins with 1111, then it’s a Class E network.
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What are the 4 parts of an IP address called?

  1. Address Class. Early in the development of IP, the IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) designated five classes of IP address: A, B, C, D, and E.
  2. Default Subnet Mask.
  3. The Network Field.
  4. The Host Field.
  5. Non-default Masks.
  6. The Subnet Field.

How the IP address identifies a specific network?

The first numbers in the address specify the network, while the latter numbers specify the specific host. A subnet mask specifies which part of an address is the network part, and which part addresses the specific host.

What does IANA stand for?

IANA, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, is an administrative function of the Internet that keeps track of IP addresses, domain names, and protocol parameter identifiers that are used by Internet standards.

Which is used to determine the number of bits used for the subnet and host portion of the address?

A subnet mask determines which parts of the IP address are network and host identifiers. It is a 32-bit number that distinguishes each octet in the IP address.

What is network part and host part in IP address?

A subnet mask is used to divide an IP address into two parts. One part identifies the host (computer), the other part identifies the network to which it belongs. To better understand how IP addresses and subnet masks work, look at an IP address and see how it’s organized.

What are the parts of IP address and define each part?

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Every IP address—such as 76.240. 249.145—is also divided into two sections that define 1) your network and 2) your computer, or host. Those two sections comprise the basic structure of IP addresses: the network ID and the host ID. … Each computer (sometimes called a “network interface”) has its own unique host ID.

How are IP addresses structured?

An IP address is typically written in decimal digits, formatted as four 8-bit fields separated by periods. Each 8-bit field represents a byte of the IP address. This form of representing the bytes of an IP address is often referred to as the dotted-decimal format.

Is the network portion of an IP address is the same for all the hosts on the same IP network?

IPv4 Network Addresses Within the 32-bit stream, a portion of the bits makes up the network and a portion of the bits makes up the host. The bits within the network portion of the address must be identical for all devices that reside in the same network.

What portion of the IP address does a router use?

A router will generally use a static IP address for its WAN interface (the side of the router that faces the Internet). That means that the router does have to be manually configured with that address.

Which indicates that the first octet of the IP address is the network portion?

Classfull Network Masks: The network mask defines which bits out of the 32 bit of the address are defined as the network portion and which are the host portion. As stated above, a Class A address has the first octet as the network portion and the remaining 3 octets as the host portion.

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What is a Class C network?

A Class C network is any network in the 32-bit, IPv4 addressing scheme whose first three bits, the so-called high-order bits, are 110. IPv4 (Internet protocol version four) is the current mainstream addressing protocol for the Internet and other TCP/IP (transmission control protocol/Internet protocol) networks.

What is a Class C IP address?

A Class C address consists of a 24-bit network address and an 8-bit local host address. The first three bits in the network address indicate the network class, leaving 21 bits for the actual network address. … In other words, the first octet of a Class C address is in the range 192 to 223.

What each part of an IP address means?

Like 76.240. 249.145, every IP address is split into two sections, which define your network and your host or computer. Those two parts make up the fundamental structure of IPv4 addresses: the host ID and the network ID. Each computer on the same network shares the same network ID, and each one has its own host ID.

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